Application for Claiming Native Land RightsA request for legal recognition of Indigenous Australians` Indigenous land rights and interests. The Study of Law and the Structure of the Legal System Ineligible application Application by a person who does not claim to have Aboriginal title, but who is considering whether or not Aboriginal title exists. A court decision in a previous case with facts and points of law similar to a dispute currently pending in court. Judges generally “follow precedents,” that is, they use principles established in previous cases to decide new cases that have similar facts and raise similar legal issues. A judge will disregard precedents if a party can prove that the previous case was ill-decided or that it differs significantly from the current case. A full-time lawyer hired by federal courts to legally defend defendants who cannot afford a lawyer. The judiciary administers the Federal Defence Counsel Programme in accordance with criminal law. An official of the judiciary who has the power to adjudicate complaints before the courts. The term commonly used judge can also refer to all bailiffs, including Supreme Court judges. Length measurement with twelve inches or one-third of a yard.2. The base, soil or foundation of anything; and metronomy, the end goal; like the foot of a fine. This definition of foot is based on the Cyclopedic Law Dictionary. This entry needs to be proofread.
Future determination of action Decision of the NNTT that a future action cannot be performed or can be executed with or without conditions. In making its decision, the court takes into account (inter alia) the impact of the future law on the enjoyment of the rights and interests registered by the party in its domestic capacity, as well as the economic or other impact of the future law and any public interest in the law. The Aboriginal Title/Torres Strait Islander representative body, also known as the Aboriginal Title Representative Bodies, is recognised and funded by the Australian Government to perform various functions under the Aboriginal Title Act 1993. These functions include supporting, facilitating access to and exercise of their rights under the Act, certifying applications for Indigenous land and regional agreements, resolving intra-Indigenous disputes, entering into agreements, and ensuring that NTA communications are brought to the attention of affected individuals. The legal power of a court to hear and decide a particular type of case. It is also used as a synonym for jurisdiction, i.e. the geographical area over which the court has territorial jurisdiction to rule on cases. A court order preventing one or more named parties from acting. An injunction is often issued to allow for a finding of fact so that a judge can determine whether a permanent injunction is warranted.
Imprisonment for two or more offences to be served simultaneously and not consecutively. Example: Two five-year prison sentences and a three-year term if served at the same time result in a maximum of five years behind bars. A term used to describe evidence that can be considered by a jury or judge in civil and criminal cases. Defendant means the person, entity or entity against whom legal proceedings are initiated. Also known as the “defendant” in admiralty and corporate cases and in some courts. In a complaint, it is the party who did not file the complaint. Non-insolvency proceedings in which an applicant or creditor attempts to submit its claim to a debtor`s future wages. In other words, the creditor requests that part of the debtor`s future salary be paid to him for a debt owed to him. ILUA Indigenous Land Use Agreement, a voluntary, legally binding agreement on the use and management of land or water between one or more indigenous title groups and others (such as miners, ranchers, governments). Legal advice; A term that is also used to refer to lawyers in a case. Instructions from a judge to the jury before it begins deliberations on the substantive questions to be answered and the legislation to be applied.
The redefinition of the foot in 1959 was legally binding and intended for the whole of the United States. But only one exception temporarily allowed the previous definition of foot to continue to be used, exclusively for geodetic studies. To distinguish these two versions of the foot, the new one was called the “international foot” and the old one the “American surveying foot”. In addition, it has been ordered that the U.S. survey foot be replaced by the international foot when U.S. geodetic control networks are readjusted. Although such an adjustment was completed in 1986, the use of the American foot of surveying remained. This situation has led to confusion and errors that persist today and contradict the intention of uniform standards. To solve the problems caused by the simultaneous use of two nearly identical versions of the foot, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the National Geodetic Survey (NGS), the National Ocean Service (NOS) and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) are taking joint action.
To ensure national consistency in length measurement, the U.S. Foot Lift will be phased out as part of the modernization of the National Spatial Reference System (NSS). From this moment on, the international foot is simply called a foot. All shares of ownership of the debtor at the time of bankruptcy. The estate technically becomes the temporary legal owner of all of the debtor`s assets. Generally refers to two events in individual bankruptcy cases: (1) the “individual or group briefing” of a nonprofit budget and credit advisory agency, which individual debtors must participate in before filing under a chapter of the Bankruptcy Code; and (2) the “Personal Financial Management Course” in Chapters 7 and 13, which an individual debtor must complete before debt relief is registered. There are exceptions to both requirements for certain categories of debtors, urgent circumstances, or if U.S. trustees or insolvency administrators have determined that there are not enough licensed credit counselling agencies available to provide the required advice.
A request made as a result of a proceeding by a losing party on one or more issues, for a higher court to review the decision to determine whether it was correct. To make such a request is to “appeal” or “to appeal”. The one who appeals is called a “complainant”; The other party is the “appellant”. A jury or judge decision that determines the guilt or innocence of a defendant or determines the final outcome of a civil proceeding. An action brought by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a claim that the defendant failed to comply with a legal obligation that caused harm to the plaintiff. Chapter of the Insolvency Code that provides for “liquidation”, i.e. the sale of a debtor`s non-exempt assets and the distribution of the proceeds to creditors. To be eligible for Chapter 7, the debtor must pass a “means test”. The court assesses the debtor`s income and expenses to determine whether the debtor can sue under Chapter 7. Jury selection process to interview potential jurors to determine their qualifications and determine a basis for challenge.
A group of citizens who hear evidence presented by both parties in court and investigate disputed facts. The federal criminal jury is composed of 12 people. The civil juries of the Confederation are composed of at least six persons. A written statement filed in court or an appeal that explains a party`s legal and factual arguments. The legal system that originated in England and is now used in the United States is based on the articulation of legal principles in a historical succession of judicial decisions. Common law principles can be changed by statute. Contracts or leases where both parties still have obligations to perform. If a contract or lease is enforceable, a debtor can take it back (keep the contract) or reject it (terminate the contract). The function of the federal courts that takes place at the beginning of criminal proceedings – after a person has been arrested and charged with a federal crime and before they appear in court.